Science Mitragyna Speciosa

Where and how does Kratom grow?

Kratom (scientific name Mitragyna Speciosa) is a deciduous tree that belongs to the family Rubiaceae and comes from the regions of the southern parts of Asia and Indochina. Ideal climatic conditions for good plant growth are present in the tropics of Thailand and Indonesia, where its width can reach 15-32 feet. The deciduous plant Kratom can be evergreen, it depends on the prevailing climatic and weather conditions. The leaves of the Kratom plant are dark green, pointy in shape and grow from 5 to 8 inches. The flowers of this tree bloom yellow and grow in clusters towards the end of the branch.

Kratom requires moist, humus-rich soil with a protected environment, the plant is quite whimsical and requires very fertile soil. The method of propagation of the plant – through cuttings or seeds, will flourish in certain conditions.

Kratom has more than twenty-five alkaloids; however, the most common are mitragynine or 9-methoxy-corinantheidine, indoles, provubulatin, ricophyllin, corinantedin and aimalicin. The first two are the most popular, accounting for about half the content of alkaloids.

Great properties of Kratom

In the entire history of the existence and use of Kratom, its effects are distinguished:

  • painkiller,
  • antidepressant,
  • anti-inflammatory
  • antiviral,
  • sedative.

Alkaloids, especially mitragynine, belong to the class of opiates, and therefore Kratom has similar properties and effects on receptors. Studies show that the irritation of the receptors that opitis exerts causes euphoria among the sensations. The substance which contains mitragynine affects the delta receptors of the body, while other opiates have a high effect on mu-opioid receptors.

Also in the composition of Kratom is 7-hydroxymitraginine, pseudoindoxyl mitragynine, rhinophylline, which blocks the absorption of calcium in the body. Various factors influence the amount of alkaloids in the composition of the plant, such as location, planting method, air and soil temperature, type of soil used in cultivation, methods of watering, fertilizing, harvesting, processing, and packaging. In plants that are grown in the south of the tropics of Asia, the level of alkaloids is very high; if the plant is grown in other places, even in greenhouses, the amount of alkaloids in the composition decreases sharply.

Research by our scientists has shown that Bali, the most popular form of Kratom, has about 10% active alkaloids in its composition. The molecular structure and distribution of mitragynine atoms, which includes the tryptamine nucleus, is known to be similar to the molecules that are observed in adrenergic and serotonin systems. Integrating influences descending from the higher parts of the brain, they form signals that control the activity of the whole organism, including the heart and muscles.